Nainital is a popular hill station in the Indian state of Uttarakhand and headquarters of Nainital district in the Kumaon foothills of the outer Himalayas. Situated at an altitude of 2,084 metres (6,837 ft) above sea level, Nainital is set in a valley containing an eye-shaped lake, approximately two miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains, of which the highest is Naina (2,615 m (8,579 ft)) on the north, Deopatha (2,438 m (7,999 ft)) on the west, and Ayarpatha (2,278 m (7,474 ft)) on the south. From the tops of the higher peaks, "magnificent views can be obtained of the vast plain to the south, or of the mass of tangled ridges lying north, bound by the great snowy range which forms the central axis of the Himalayas."

History

The Kumaon Hills came under British rule after the Anglo-Nepalese War (1814–16). The hill station town of Naini Tal was founded only in 1841, with the construction of the first European house (Pilgrim Lodge) by P. Barron, a sugar trader from Shahjahanpur. In his memoir, he wrote: "It is by far the best site I have witnessed in the course of a 1,500 miles (2,400 km) trek in the Himalayas." In 1846, when a Captain Madden of the Bengal Artillery visited Naini Tal, he recorded that "houses were rapidly springing up in most parts of the settlement: some towards the crest of the military ranges were nearly 7,500 ft (2,300 m) above sea level: the rugged and woody Anyarpatta Aashish (Anyar-patt – in Kumaoni means – complete blackout. The reason for this nomenclature by the locals was because there were minimal sun rays due to its location and dense forests) was being gradually planted and that the favourite sites were on the undulating tract of forest land which stretched back from the head of the lake to the base of China and Deopatta (Camel's Hump). The church, St. John(1846) in the Wilderness, was one of the earliest buildings in Nainital, followed by Belvedere, Alma lodge, Ashdale Cottage(1860)..." Soon, the town became a health resort favoured by British soldiers and by colonial officials and their families trying to escape the heat of the plains. Later, the town became the summer residence of the governor of the United Provinces.

Top Trending Attractions in Nainital

Naina Devi Temple
Naina Devi Temple

A well known Shakti Peeths of Hindu religion, Naini Devi Temple is sacred place of great devotion in Nainital. Goddess Naini ...

Himalayan View Point
Himalayan View Point

On the way from Nainital to Pangot, there is a steep bend, which is famous as Himalayan View Point. This point, on a clear day, ...

Eco Cave Gardens
Eco Cave Gardens

Eco Cave Gardens is a newly developed tourist spot in Nainital. It comprises several natural interconnected caves of different ...

In and Around Nainital

Travel Within Nainital

A popular hill station, Nainital has numerous tourist spots including Nainital Lake, Naina Peak 8622ft, Himalaya Darshan & Echo Zone, Hanumangarhi and Pt. G.B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital.

 

Nainital

Population :41,377

Languages :Hindi, Kumaoni

Pincode :263001/263002

Altitude :2084 Meter

Travel Insight

Top 10 places to visit with friends in India
Top 10 places to visit with friends in India

1. Camping and White River Rafting in Rishikesh Rishikesh is a ...

First time travel in India
First time travel in India

Be safe Always keep your passport and any other important papers ...

The Khajuraho Group of Monuments
The Khajuraho Group of Monuments

The auto driver left us near the ticket counter of Khajuraho Temple ...

MICE Tourism in India
MICE Tourism in India

India is in a continual process of upgrading its MICE (Meetings, ...

Top travel News

10 more wetlands in India declared as Ramsar sites
10 more wetlands in India declared as Ramsar sites

India has added 10 more wetlands to sites protected by the ...

Two tigers clash for Noor (a tigress) in Ranthambore, video of creepy fight goes viral
Two tigers clash for Noor (a tigress) in Ranthambore, video of creepy fight goes viral

The video of a fight between two tigers for a tigress in Ranthambore ...

The 7th edition of North East Festival to be held in Delhi from Nov 8
The 7th edition of North East Festival to be held in Delhi from Nov 8

Delhi will yet again witness the grandeur of ...

Haryana Day Celebration
Haryana Day Celebration

Every year Haryana day is celebrated on 1st November. This date marks ...

Essential India

Your trip to India is incomplete if you have not...
  1. Danced to a punjabi number
  2. Tasted the spicy street food
  3. Picked up a local Rajasthani dress and jutti (footwear)
  4. Tried an ayurvedic full-body massage
  5. Watched a classical dance performance
  6. Taken a train

Copyright © cubetodice.com 2017