Varanasi or Banaras or Kashi is one of the oldest living cities in the world. Varanasi's Prominence in Hindu mythology is virtually unrevealed. Along the city's winding streets are some 2,000 temples, including Kashi Vishwanath, the "Golden Temple" dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.

Varanasi grew as an important industrial centre, famous for its muslin and silk fabrics, perfumes, ivory works, and sculpture. The city's religious importance continued to grow in the 8th century, when Adi Shankara established the worship of Shiva as an official sect of Varanasi.

History

According to legend, Varanasi was founded by the god Shiva. There happened a fight between the two supreme gods, Brahma and Shiva, and the succeeding combat resulted in one of the four heads of Brahma being torn off by Shiva. It was a custom of the time that the victor carried the slain adversary’s head in his hand and let it hang down from his hand as an act of ignominy and a sign of his own bravery. A bridle was also put into the mouth. Shiva thus dishonored Brahma's head, and kept it with him at all times. When he came to the city of Varanasi in this state, the hanging head of Brahma dropped from Shiva's hand and disappeared in the ground. The land of Varanasi is therefore considered an extremely holy religious site.

The Pandavas, the mythic protagonists of the Hindu epic Mahabharata, are said to have visited the city in search of Shiva to atone for their sin of fratricide and Brahmanahatya that they had committed during the climactic Kurukshetra War. It is regarded as one of seven holy cities (Sapta Puri) which can provide Moksha; Ayodhya, Mathura, Bodh Gaya, Kashi, Kanchi, Avanti, and Dvaraka are the seven cities known as the givers of liberation.

Culture

Varanasi has been a cultural centre of North India for several thousand years, and is closely associated with the Ganges. Hindus believe that death in the city will bring salvation, making it a major centre for pilgrimage. The city is known worldwide for its many ghats, embankments made in steps of stone slabs along the river bank where pilgrims perform ritual ablutions.

Top Trending Attractions in Varanasi

Assi Ghat
Assi Ghat

Assi Ghat is one of the ghats often visited for recreation and during festivals. It is the southernmost ghat in Varanasi. On ...

Dasaswamedh Ghat
Dasaswamedh Ghat

The Dashashwamedh Ghat is the main and probably the oldest ghat of Varanasi located on the Ganges, close to the Kashi Vishwanath ...

In and Around Varanasi

 

Varanasi

Population :1201815

Languages :Hindi, Urdu

Currency : INR

Pincode :221 001 to** (** area code)

Time Zone : UMT + 05:30

Altitude :81 Meter

STD Code :0542

Website : varanasi.nic.in

Travel Insight

Nainital and Ranikhet
Nainital and Ranikhet

We were seven boys (Vivek, Manish, Nitin, Neeraj Sharma, Neeraj ...

Places to visit in Kashmir valley
Places to visit in Kashmir valley

1. Srinagar Srinagar is main tourist destination in Kashmir valley. ...

The Chunar Fort - where the famous 'Chandrakata' story was written
The Chunar Fort - where the famous 'Chandrakata' story was written

  Chunar, located on the banks of the Ganges, 35 kilometers ...

Manali to Leh road trip
Manali to Leh road trip

It was our most awaited trip; we were planning for last 4 years and ...

Top travel News

10 more wetlands in India declared as Ramsar sites
10 more wetlands in India declared as Ramsar sites

India has added 10 more wetlands to sites protected by the ...

Two tigers clash for Noor (a tigress) in Ranthambore, video of creepy fight goes viral
Two tigers clash for Noor (a tigress) in Ranthambore, video of creepy fight goes viral

The video of a fight between two tigers for a tigress in Ranthambore ...

The 7th edition of North East Festival to be held in Delhi from Nov 8
The 7th edition of North East Festival to be held in Delhi from Nov 8

Delhi will yet again witness the grandeur of ...

Haryana Day Celebration
Haryana Day Celebration

Every year Haryana day is celebrated on 1st November. This date marks ...

Essential India

Your trip to India is incomplete if you have not...
  1. Danced to a punjabi number
  2. Tasted the spicy street food
  3. Picked up a local Rajasthani dress and jutti (footwear)
  4. Tried an ayurvedic full-body massage
  5. Watched a classical dance performance
  6. Taken a train

Copyright © cubetodice.com 2017